In the previous tutorial on mathematical shortcut, you learnt how easy it is to obtain the square of any number by slightly modifying the formula.As an extension to that shortcut, In this tutorial, we are going to learn how to obtain the cube of a number.
Once you practice this shortcut, you will see, how easy it is to obtain the cube of any 2-digit number and even some 3-digit numbers. In competitive examinations, we might have often come across questions like 973, 873 etc.
In order to use this shortcut, is important that you know the cubes of all the numbers till 10 at least.
Let us recall the cubes of the number till 12.
I hope you all remember the square formula : ( a + b)3 = a3 + 3ab(a + b) + b3
( a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3
Lets modify the formula to look something like this :
Let’s understand the shortcut with an example.
Example : Compute 143
Step 1 : Break the number such that a=1, and b=4
Step 2 : Compute a3, a2b and ab2 and write as shown in the updated formula
Step 3 : Notice the second row of the formula is obtained by doubling the middle 2-terms of the first row.
Step 4 : Add the terms. Notice the carry-forward in each step.
Very easy right 🙂
Example : Let’s take another example. Let’s say we want to compute 523. In this a=5 and b=2.
Example : Can you try what is 1223 ?
If you know the cubes of number till 10, you can easily obtain the cubes of all the numbers till 100 using this shortcut.
Exercise : On the similar lines, can you calculate,
Please contact me if some point in the tutorial is not clear. I would be glad to help.